Wednesday, December 8, 2010

Fasting on the 9th and 10th of Muharram

Observing Sawm on the ninth and tenth of Muharram is better than on the tenth and eleventh

Q: What is the ruling on observing Sawm (Fast) on the Day of ‘Ashura’ (10th of Muharram)? Is it better to observe Sawm on the day that precedes it, the day that succeeds it, all the three days, or on the Day of ‘Ashura’ only? Please clarify the matter. May Allah reward you with the best!

A: It is a Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) to observe Sawm on the Day of ‘Ashura’ for the authentic Hadiths in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated so. The Prophet (peace be upon him) mentioned that the Jews used to observe Sawm on that Day because it was the day on which Allah (may He be Exalted) rescued Prophet Musa (Moses, peace be upon him)
(Part No. 15; Page No. 404) and his people and destroyed Pharaoh and his people.

Our Prophet Muhammad thus, observed Sawm on the Day of ‘Ashura’ to express his gratitude to Allah, advised Muslims to do so, and directed us as well to observe Sawm on the day preceding or succeeding it. However, observing Sawm on the ninth and tenth of Muharram is better than doing so on the tenth and eleventh. The latter form is also sufficient for it contradicts the practice of the Jews as well.

One may also observe Sawm on all three days, i.e. the ninth, the tenth, and the eleventh of Muharram as is reported in some narrations: Fast a day before (the Day of ‘Ashura’) and a day after it. But, it is Makruh (reprehensible) to observe Sawm on the Day of ‘Ashura’ only, i.e. without accompanying it by the preceding or the succeeding day. May Allah grant us success!

Source: Al Ifta

1 comments:

lynnaisha said...

Jazaa-Killaahu Khayr/Jazaa-Kallaahu Khayr Sister/Brother for your post. Here are the Hadiths regarding this issue for those who would like to have them ^_^ And of course this Fast is optional for us:

Bukhari Book 3 Volume 31 Hadith 219
Narrated 'Aisha:
Allah's Apostle ordered (the Muslims) to fast on the day of 'Ashura', and when fasting in the month of Ramadan was prescribed, it became optional for one to fast on that day ('Ashura') or not.

Bukhari :: Book 3 :: Volume 31 :: Hadith 222
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

The Prophet (pbuh) came to Medina and saw the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. He (pbuh) asked them about that. They replied, "This is a good day, the day on which Allah rescued Bani Israel from their enemy. So, Moses fasted this day." The Prophet (pbuh) said, "We have more claim over Moses than you." So, the Prophet (pbuh) fasted on that day and ordered (the Muslims) to fast (on that day).

Lists of the same hadith:
[Bukhari Book 5 Volume 58 Hadith 279]
[Bukhari Book 6 Volume 60 Hadith 202]
[Bukhari Book 6 Volume 60 Hadith 261]
[Bukhari Book 4 Volume 55 Hadith 609]
[Muslim Book 6 Hadith 2518]
[Muslim Book 6 Hadith 2520]

And it was also said that it was the next best month [first month of the Islamic new year] after Ramadan to fast:

Bukhari Book 3 Volume 31 Hadith 224
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
I never saw the Prophet seeking to fast on a day more (preferable to him) than this day, the day of 'Ashura', or this month, i.e. the month of Ramadan.

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